Periodontal disease is a condition that affects the gums. When left unchecked, it can result in tooth loss and other severe health complications. If you notice bleeding after brushing or have swollen gums and persistent bad breath, visit a family dentist for an exam. Your treatment will depend on which of the following gum diseases you have.
What Are the Types of Gum Diseases?
Gingivitis is the least invasive type of periodontal disease. It pertains to inflammation that causes gums to appear red and swollen, feel tender, and bleed easily.
The most common reason for gingivitis is poor oral hygiene that causes plaque to accumulate on the teeth and irritate the surrounding gums. However, some people develop gingivitis after taking certain medications or undergoing hormonal changes. Health issues like diabetes and stroke have also been linked to gingivitis.
Fortunately, most people can prevent gingivitis with regular teeth cleanings at their family dentist to remove plaque and tartar buildup above the gumline.
Untreated gingivitis is likely to advance to periodontitis, a more severe type of gum disease. Instead of only impacting the gumline, it also affects the teeth. Small pockets are created when the gums pull away from the teeth, which then get filled with food debris and become infected.
Bacteria release toxins that slowly break down the bone and connective tissue holding the teeth. As the disease progresses faster in aggressive periodontitis, you’ll suffer from tooth loss, bone destruction, and jawbone atrophy.
To treat periodontitis, your family dentist has to perform scaling and root planing. These deep-cleaning, non-surgical procedures fix the damage and prevent the disease’s recurrence.
In scaling, the dentist will remove the plaque and tartar or calculus above and below the gumline. During planing, they’ll smooth the roots’ rough surfaces to allow better gum tissue healing and reattachment to the teeth. Your family dentist may prescribe medications like antibiotic gels and capsules to control infection and promote faster recovery.
3. Necrotizing Periodontal Disease
This gum disease affects people with systemic conditions, such as malnutrition, HIV, and immunosuppression. Necrosis is the death of living tissues, affecting the gingival tissue, periodontal ligaments, and alveolar bone.
The standard treatment for it includes antibiotics, antimicrobial mouthwash, and deep-cleaning. Consult your family dentist or periodontist to see if surgical procedures like soft tissue graft, guided tissue regeneration, or bone surgery will work.
It is Important to see your dentist of hygienist regularly to treat gum disease at it’s earliest stage so that your tissues can return to a healthy state again.
At the first signs of periodontal disease, you need a family dentist who can treat the problem. Nayaug Family Dental in South Glastonbury, CT, offers a broad range of general and cosmetic dentistry services, such as teeth cleanings, dentures, and oral cancer exams. Call (860) 633-6167 to schedule an appointment, or visit their website for more information on their dental procedures.