Cataracts are cloudy formations on your eye’s lens that can significantly impact vision. They’re common after age 60, and it’s important to take steps to prevent them. Here’s what you should know about this topic so that you can implement practices to reduce the chances of developing this problem.
Your Guide to Cataracts
What causes them?
Cataracts are the leading cause of blindness around the world. They develop slowly, sometimes as early as your 40s, and are related to tissue changes in the eye. They may also be tied to diabetes.
The lenses in the eyes lose their flexibility as you age. As the tissues break down, they’ll form into clumps and will cloud your vision by preventing light from fully passing through.
What are the symptoms?
Cataracts often develop in both eyes and may be located in the center or on the edges. Common symptoms include blurry or cloudy vision, seeing halos around lights, double vision, and sensitivity to light. Once fully formed, there will be an obvious cloudy blockage on the eye that gradually leads to further vision loss as it grows.
How are cataracts fixed?
If cataracts aren’t fully interfering with your vision, an eye doctor may simply prescribe glasses. More serious cases will require surgery.
During the procedure, a surgeon will remove the cloudy lens and replace it with an artificial lens. It’s an outpatient procedure with a high success rate, and it only takes a few days to recover.
How can I prevent them?
The best method for staying ahead of cataracts is to schedule regular vision exams. You should also quit smoking and enjoy a diet rich in fruits and vegetables that contain a lot of antioxidants, like blueberries. Wearing sunglasses will prevent cataract growth related to UV rays, and you should also take steps to avoid conditions, like diabetes, that contribute to cataract growth.
Whether you’re dealing with cataracts or are just overdue for a vision exam, contact Northern Lights Eye Care in Anchorage, AK. This practice provides state-of-the-art treatment and welcomes patients of all ages. Drs. Huff, Kettler, and Stralka will carefully assess your vision and offer solutions, including glasses and contacts, to get you seeing clearly. Call (907) 276-3937 to schedule a checkup or learn more about their practice online.