The eye is made up of a complex series of parts, and each plays a crucial role in the way we view the world around us. The macula is at the center of the retina, which lines the back of the eye, and is what allows a person to see things straight ahead. Over time, this component is subject to deterioration, which is known as macular degeneration. To learn more about this condition before visiting an eye doctor, consider these frequently asked questions.
A Guide to Macular Degeneration
What is macular degeneration like?
When the macula starts to deteriorate, a person might lose the detail in their vision when looking straight ahead. As a result, it can be harder to drive or read. As the condition progresses, it will become more difficult to register colors and or even the identities of people.
What are the different types?
There are two main types of macular degeneration: wet and dry. The most common form is dry, which is marked by the decomposition of photosensitive cells in the macula as well as the formation of drusen—the yellow residue that collects beneath the retina. Over time, dry macular generation can cause permanent vision loss.
While less common, the dry form may turn into the wet, which is marked by the breakdown of the Bruch’s membrane and the growth of leaky blood vessels, which results in rapid vision loss.
Does it affect both eyes?
At first, macular generation might be noticed in the left or right eye alone. This can sometimes be detected when covering one eye and looking straight ahead. However, the condition will most likely pass onto the other eye as time goes on.
What causes it?
While there’s no definite cause or treatment for macular degeneration, it’s primarily considered an age-related condition because it’s most common in those over 60. After the age of 75, the odds of experiencing macular degeneration increase to 30%.
Those who are white, female, obese, or addicted to tobacco are most at risk of developing age-related macular degeneration and should regularly visit their eye doctor for checkups. The progression can sometimes be slowed through healthy lifestyle improvements and a regimen of antioxidant vitamins.
If you’re worried about developing this eye condition, turn to Midwest Eye Center: A Division of Tri-State Centers for Sight. They cater to patients throughout the greater Cincinnati, OH, and northern Kentucky area, offering everything from routine exams to advanced surgeries. With over 34 years of experience, you can trust the practice to provide top-tier care. To learn more about these skilled eye doctors, visit the website. Call (859) 331-5600 to schedule an appointment today.