Characterized by the presence of chalky, white buildup on faucets, showerheads, and dishes, hard water is one of the most common home plumbing issues. Although it’s usually more inconvenient than detrimental, it can create a variety of problems, especially if the hardness level is too high. The best solution is having a water softener installed. To understand how hard water is formed and why a water softener may be necessary, here’s what you need to know.
What is Hard Water?
Hard water is aptly named due to the high amount of minerals it contains. The most common are calcium and magnesium, although iron and limestone are also frequently found. The exact composition and other types of minerals will depend on your location. According to the United States Geological Survey (USGS), the hardness is measured by testing the amount of calcium carbonate in milligrams per liter (mg/L). If it’s higher than 61 mg/L, it’s considered “moderately hard,” and anything over 180 mg/L is “very hard.”
Overall, hard water is potable, especially if it’s been filtered. However, it can have adverse effects. The mineral content interferes with how well soap and detergents lather up and rinse off, which can leave people with dry hair and skin, as well as dull clothing. As for the previously mentioned buildup, if there’s too much, it can stain plumbing fixtures and clog the pipes.
Reducing the Problem
As the name suggests, water softeners are effective at minimizing the hardness of the water. They work by targeting and filtering out the calcium, magnesium, and other minerals as the water moves from the supply source to your home plumbing fixtures. There are different types available, in a variety of sizes, so it’s easy for residents to find the right one for their home, no matter the size or layout.
If you’re concerned about hard water and considering getting a water softener, contact H2O Specialists in Kerrville, TX. For 20 years, they’ve provided a variety of plumbing repairs and installations for residents and businesses throughout the Texas Hill Country. Aside from softeners, they can also install or service water heaters and filtration systems! For a full list of their water services, visit their website or call (830) 895-7575 today.