The precursor to gum disease, gingivitis has several causes, including mouth trauma and infections that cause tissue lesions. However, it’s usually due to a buildup of plaque on teeth from poor oral hygiene and missed appointments to see the dentist. Learn about four common gingivitis symptoms to take better care of your dental health.
Telltale Gingivitis Symptoms Not to Ignore
1. Gum Inflammation & Redness
Plaque forms when bacteria in the mouth feed on food particles, resulting in a sticky film that accumulates along the gumline. Without daily brushing and flossing, plaque builds up and irritates gum tissue. Gums look swollen and red or purplish as gingivitis worsens. Plaque also hardens into tartar under the gumline, which causes further inflammation and redness.
2. Bleeding Gums
Irritated gum tissue often bleeds. You’ll see blood on your toothbrush or floss or in your bathroom sink when you clean your teeth. Bleeding gums should not lead you to brush or floss less. Instead, it should inspire you to reevaluate your teeth-cleaning habits and schedule a visit with your dentist.
3. Gum Tenderness
Teeth with excessive plaque and tartar may make gums feel tender to the touch. You may also have pain when you bite into foods, brush your teeth, or use dental floss. Although tender gums can also be the result of aggressive brushing, hormonal changes, and acidic food consumption, if combined with bleeding and inflammation, gingivitis is the likely culprit.
4. Bad Breath
Too much bacteria in the mouth causes halitosis, or bad breath. Poor oral hygiene is often the reason for foul breath because bacteria release sulfur compounds as it feeds on food particles. Your dentist may recommend an antibacterial mouthwash in addition to brushing and flossing to reduce bad breath. Drinking more water, which flushes particles and bacteria from the mouth, will also help eliminate bad breath.
If you have gingivitis symptoms, schedule a teeth cleaning and checkup with PdC Dentistry S.C. to remove excess plaque and tartar. This dental practice serves residents throughout the PdC region of Wisconsin, offering orthodontics, same-day emergency assistance, and oral surgery in addition to family dentistry care. Call (608) 326-8458 to make an appointment, or go online to learn more about gingivitis and gum disease treatments.