About 70% of our planet is covered with water, but only a small percentage can be used for our daily needs. The freshwater we use mostly comes from lakes, streams, or underground. These bodies are refilled through the water cycle process. Rain and snow are collected underground in an aquifer, producing groundwater that rises from the surface as springs or is drawn through wells. Most of the water we use goes through water treatment processes to ensure it’s safe to drink. Here’s a closer look at the sources and treatment of our most important natural resource.
What Are the Sources of Tap Water?
Tap water sources vary depending on your region or community. The local government manages the water treatment system in larger neighborhoods. For example, 90% of New York City's water comes from the Catskill/Delaware Aqueduct.
Meanwhile, an independent supply system is in charge of smaller residential groups, usually in rural areas. A homeowner may also choose to drill wells into aquifers, in which case they’re solely accountable for the quality of their water.
Why Should Your Tap Water Be Treated?
Although experts implement several measures to ensure drinking water is safe, the supply may still be contaminated because of human activities. This problem is largely what necessitates water treatment. The process removes disease-causing microorganisms and prevents illnesses such as cholera, amebiasis, and typhoid fever.
How Is It Treated?
Water treatment processes vary by region and local ordinances. Standard methods include, but are not limited to, the following:
Coagulation: Alum or polymer is added, which causes contaminants to stick together, allowing for easier removal.
Filtration: A filter with layers of sand and gravel collects impurities in the water.
Chlorination: Chlorine is used to kill harmful microorganisms.
Sludge drying: Solids from the filtration process are moved to drying lagoons.
Let professionals help protect your family and your clients from waterborne diseases. The Water Source in Wappingers Falls, NY, uses first-rate water filtration systems such as Kinetico® Water filters, ensuring your water is 100% safe to drink. For over 25 years, they’ve been providing various water purification and treatment systems, including reverse osmosis and water softeners, to residents and businesses in and around the Hudson Valley. Get a free water analysis by reaching out to them online or calling (845) 297-1600.