Heart murmurs are characterized by an extra or abnormal noise when the blood flows through the heart. They can occur when the heart contracts, relaxes, or throughout the heartbeat. Heart murmurs can be present at birth or occur later in life. If you’re a pediatric nurse, it’s important to know the signs of the condition and how it’s treated. Here’s what you need to know.
A Guide to Heart Murmurs
What Are the Symptoms of a Heart Murmur?
In some cases, a heart murmur may be innocent, which means the blood flow may sound irregular, but there is no heart problem present. In the case of a pathologic heart murmur, however, a heart issue may be present that could cause symptoms, such as shortness of breath, sweating, fainting or dizziness, and sweating. You may also notice poor eating or weight gain, bluish skin, persistent cough, or swelling.
What Causes the Condition?
Heart murmurs can be caused by a number of issues. Conditions such as infection, fever, hyperthyroidism, and heart valve disease can all affect the way blood flows through the heart, leading to a murmur. Congenital heart defects, including valve abnormalities and heart muscle disorders, may also cause the symptom.
How Can Nurses Care for Children With Heart Murmurs?
Treatment for your a heart murmur will depend on its severity and its underlying causes. In some cases, medications or surgeries may be recommended to address the issue. For these scenarios, pediatric nurses can provide ongoing care for children who are recovering or in need of medical assistance.
You will tailor treatments to each child’s unique needs and oversee medication schedules, provide highly specialized care, and ensure your patient gets the medical attention they need around the clock.
If you’re a pediatric nurse looking for new opportunities, turn to J & D Ultracare in New York. Serving the Bronx and Hudson Valley, as well as Westchester, Monroe, and Orange counties, this agency offers a variety of roles where you can build your skills and advance your career. Learn more about their opportunities online, or call (845) 357-4500 to speak with a team member.