White teeth are one of the markers of good oral health. As such, changes like the appearance of white spots can be concerning. Your dentist can treat this issue through services like teeth whitening treatment and veneers, but if you want to prevent the recurrence of white spots, use the following guide to learn the causes.
Causes of White Spots
1. Oral Hygiene Habits
Improperly or inconsistently brushing teeth can cause an overgrowth of bacteria in the mouth. The bacteria will eat away at the surfaces of your teeth, resulting in noticeable, uneven discoloration. To avoid further decay, brush your teeth twice daily and floss once a day. Brushing too roughly can also scrape away enamel, so use a soft-bristle brush for 2 to 3 minutes. If you have braces or other orthodontic equipment, consult your dentist for their hygiene recommendations.
2. Excessive Fluoride
Fluoride in certain amounts is needed to prevent cavities. However, too much can result in fluorosis, a condition characterized by white spots on teeth. Children are especially susceptible to fluorosis, so monitor their use of fluoride-containing toothpaste and mouthwash. Generally, a pea-sized amount will suffice.
3. Nutrition Habits
Calcium plays a role in the development of healthy teeth enamel. Certain foods, such as wheat bran, contain phytates, compounds that can inhibit your body’s ability to absorb calcium, leading to cavities and discoloration. Fortunately, there are a few ways to counteract these effects. For example, you can reduce the high phytate levels in beans by soaking them in water for a few hours and then letting them cook in fresh water. Your dentist may also recommend calcium supplements.
4. Smoking or Tobacco Use During Pregnancy
Enamel hypoplasia is a condition marked by thin enamel. It occurs while teeth are still developing. For example, tobacco product use during pregnancy can soften the enamel of the unborn child’s teeth, resulting in white spots.
To treat white spots or other oral health issues, contact Apex Dental Care in Issaquah, WA. Their staff provides a variety of oral hygiene services, including cleanings, wisdom teeth extraction, implants, and cosmetic dentistry services and patient education about dental concerns and oral hygiene habits. Call (425) 837-0383 to schedule an appointment with a dentist or visit their website to learn more about the practice.