Bunions are common ailments. Fortunately, these unpleasant bumps are treatable. Even though a skilled podiatry expert can repair this issue, it’s better to prevent them in the first place. Learn more about what causes bunions, how you can avoid them, and what to do if you believe you have them below.
What You Should Know About Bunions & Podiatry
What Are Bunions?
Bunions are malformations and swelling in your metatarsophalangeal joints, the lowest joints in your big toes. They’re often triggered by squeezing feet into shoes that are too narrow. The tightness of the shoes places pressure on the big toes, forcing them inward and altering their alignment. Over time, this becomes their permanent position. The constant friction from your footwear may cause swelling, resulting in pain and limited mobility. Genetics play a role in bunion development, too. Those who are flat-footed, have weak muscle composition, or have poorly-supported joints are all more likely to develop bunions.
How Do I Prevent Them?
The simplest way to prevent bunions is to buy well-fitting shoes with plenty of support. Avoid pointed shoes and high heels. Ensure your footwear doesn’t squeeze your toes together. Opt for wide sizes if necessary. Never buy shoes that need to be broken in to be comfortable, as bunions can develop quickly. Have your foot structure and risk for bunions evaluated by a podiatry professional. If you’re at elevated risk, take additional steps to alleviate the pressure on your big toe. This may include solutions such as insoles or wearing moleskin in your shoe to prevent rubbing.
How Are They Treated?
For most patients, conservative approaches are enough to relieve discomfort and restore mobility. First-line treatments may include over-the-counter pain relievers, anti-inflammatory drugs, and custom insoles to correct your foot’s positioning. Your doctor may also recommend moleskin padding or gel supports to protect the bunion, but you’ll need to wear shoes large enough to accommodate them. If the deformity is severe or other treatments aren’t effective, then surgical options to correct the joint’s alignment and structure are available.
If you need a foot doctor to perform bunion surgery or another podiatry treatment, visit the team at Progressive Foot Care in Midtown Manhattan. Since 2014, their team of experts has provided comprehensive care for toes, feet, and ankles, including chronic pain, traumatic injuries, and malformations. Using the latest technology and industry advancements, they’ll deliver exceptional care to get you moving freely again. Watch this YouTube video to learn about their practice. Review a full list of their services online. Call (212) 244-7670 to schedule your consultation with a skilled foot doctor today.