A cataract is a clouding of the eye's normally clear lens. A person’s odds of developing this eye condition increase as they get older, so understanding what they are can help you recognize changes in your vision which may require the attention of an eye care specialist. Below are answers to commonly asked questions about this condition so you know what to expect if you develop this condition.
Answers to Common Questions About Cataracts
What causes them?
The lens is situated immediately behind the pupil, between the front and back of the eye. A cataract occurs when the tissue of the lens is changed, typically because of age or injury to the eye, and this change makes the lens grow cloudy or opaque. In addition to age and eye injury, uncontrolled blood sugar can also cause this condition, so those with diabetes have an increased risk of developing them.
What are the symptoms?
The primary symptoms are blurriness, seeing halos around objects, or not being able to make things out in dimmer light. Many people describe it as looking through a fogged-over window. Sensitivity to light, constantly changing eyeglass prescriptions, or the fading of colors can also be indicators of cataracts.
When do they start to develop?
Some people start developing cataracts as early as their forties, but the symptoms often don't start presenting until much later, often in their sixties. For this reason, it's important to see an eye doctor regularly to catch early signs of issues.
How are they treated?
A cataract is treated by a small incision that removes the eye's lens and replaces it with an implant. Though it might sound like a major operation, the surgery is a common outpatient procedure and typically requires no stitches nor a lengthy recovery time.
Understanding the basics of cataracts will ensure you know how to take care of your eye health and recognize early warning signs. The eye care professionals at Midwest Eye Center: A Division of TriState Centers for Sight are here to help. They provide Northern Kentucky and the Greater Cincinnati area with a variety of eye treatment solutions, including cataract surgery. Call (859) 525-6215 or visit them online for more information.