The brain controls the nervous system and, by extension, influences functions throughout the entire body. Because it is crucial to function and for survival, injuries to this organ are never to be taken lightly. Here’s what you need to know about three of the most common brain injuries, according to neuropsychiatry professionals.
3 Brain Injuries Commonly Seen by Neuropsychiatry Professionals
Concussions are one of the most common brain injuries. They are a traumatic brain injury or TBI caused by impact such as a bump or blow to the head, causing it to move back and forth rapidly. The brain may bounce around or twist in the skull, resulting in chemical changes and, sometimes, damage to brain cells. Fortunately, concussions are not considered life-threatening. With this said, they are still serious. Multiple concussions over time can result in permanent brain damage. Seek immediate medical attention if you think you may have a concussion.
Like concussions, contusions are a traumatic brain injury often caused by a fall or blow to the head. The two can even occur concurrently. A contusion is another word for a bruise, and these are similar to the bruises you may get on any other part of your body. They can range in severity from minor to life-threatening. A blood clot must form to stop the bleeding that causes a bruise. Because of this, contusions can increase the risk of a heart attack, particularly for people with blood clotting disorders.
Coup-contrecoup is a term referring to head injuries such as cerebral contusions and traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhages. With these injuries, the damage is located at the impact site and on the other side of the head. The first is the “coup” while the second is the “countrecoup.” These injuries typically involve an abrupt deceleration of the head which causes the brain to move after the skull has stopped moving. The inferior surface of the frontal lobes and the temporal poles are the most-often affected spots.
Knowledge is power when it comes to your health, including brain injuries. If you or a loved one has suffered a brain injury, consult with a neuropsychiatry professional for recovery support. If you live in the Chapel Hill, NC, area, turn to the compassionate professionals at North Carolina Neuropsychiatry PA. They have been assisting the community since 1978. Call (919) 933-2000 to speak with a friendly staff member or visit their website to learn more about their services.