Nancy, Kentucky

How Does a Septic System Work? October 24, 2018

Nancy, Pulaski
How Does a Septic System Work?, Nancy, Kentucky

Although septic systems are out of sight and sometimes out of mind, it’s still important to understand their basic functions. Understanding how a septic system works can help you identify issues sooner, which allows you to get help from a professional septic tank installation service quicker. Refer to the guide below for what you should know. 

Septic System Basics & Maintenance

How Does a Septic System Work?

Septic systems process a home or business’s waste in lieu of a municipal sewage system. All water and waste from a home or business flows out through a main drainage pipe and is deposited into the septic tank. Typically made from fiberglass or concrete and placed in the ground by a professional septic tank installation service, the tank holds the water until it separates into three distinct layers: solid-waste sludge at the bottom, wastewater in the middle, and an oily scum on top.

The wastewater then travels out of the tank through a valve system, which is specifically designed to prevent the sludge and scum from exiting, and into the drain field. The drain field is a shallow excavated area of land that allows the wastewater to disperse into the soil. As it seeps through the ground, the soil naturally treats the liquid and removes any harmful bacteria, viruses, and other contaminants. Once the entire process is complete, the now-clean wastewater is discharged into a groundwater system.

What Maintenance Is Required?

septic tank installationOnce a system is installed by a professional septic tank installation service, there isn’t much active maintenance that needs to be done. The tank does need to be pumped regularly, but the frequency depends on how many people are using the system and how often it is used. Scheduling an annual inspection will help stay ahead of any problems and keep on track for necessary pumpings.

There are, however, preventative measures that can be taken to avoid major complications. Certain items such as paint, harsh chemicals, cigarettes, coffee grounds, eggshells, and more should never be disposed of down the drain. These can disrupt a system’s operation and lead to expensive repairs. Heavy vehicles should also be kept off of the drain field area; this pressure can compact the soil and prevent it from treating the wastewater, potentially leading to sewage backups and flooding.


If you’re in need of an experienced septic tank installation service in the Nancy, KY, area, there’s no better option than Wilson & Roy Construction. With more than 50 years in the industry, the company’s skilled technicians can handle a wide variety of septic system needs for both homes and businesses. With tanks ranging from 750 gallons to 1,500 gallons, they are able to accommodate almost any size and will also provide valuable maintenance information that will keep the system running smoothly for years to come. Visit the website for a full list of services or call (606) 636-6457 to speak with a friendly representative today.

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