Diabetes can seriously impact eye health in a number of ways when not managed properly. For one, the high blood sugar associated with the disease can cause eye pressure to increase, which can blur your vision. Over time, poor blood sugar management can lead to more serious vision problems, including blindness. Thus, comprehensive eye care is a critical component of diabetes management. Discover some of the eye conditions which could be caused by diabetes below.
Vision Problems People With Diabetes Could Incur Without Proper Eye Care
1. Diabetic Retinopathy
High blood sugar can damage the blood vessels in the retina, which is found at the back of the eye. The retina plays an important role in eye function: it converts light to signals from the optic nerve to the brain. Without treatment, diabetic retinopathy can cause blindness, but with medications and procedures, eye care specialists can help patients control the disease.
Excess sugar can collect in places throughout the body you may not expect—including the eyes. Sugar can accumulate on the lens and convert into sorbitol, a protein responsible for the development of cataracts. Known for their cloudy appearance and blurring vision, cataracts may require surgical removal depending on their severity.
Although experts aren’t sure exactly why, there is a confirmed link between glaucoma and diabetes. Specifically, diabetic adults are nearly two times more likely to develop glaucoma. The condition is characterized by a damaged optic nerve, which impedes communication between the eye and the brain. Prescription drugs may help to reduce eye pressure causing glaucoma, while certain cases may require surgery.
If you’re seeking preventive eye care to help you minimize risks of serious vision problems, enlist the help of Virginia Ramsey Lind, OD. Serving Fairbanks, AK, this experienced optometrist welcomes patients of all ages and specializes in both the prevention and treatment of eye diseases. Contact the eye doctor’s office online or call (907) 456-8028 to schedule an appointment.