The stone used in flooring and custom countertops is still harvested from quarries, like it has been done for thousands of years. However, as technology and design have evolved, so too has the process by which stone is molded to its final form. Stone fabrication involves cutting, polishing, and shaping the stone. Here is a brief guide to the process and how it becomes part of your floor or custom countertop.
How Stone Fabrication Goes Into Making Custom Countertops
First, the fabricator inspects the chosen slabs for aspects such as dry seams, polyester resin fill, pits, black spots, veining, feldspar, or mica conglomerates (knots). Like any natural product, stone contains characteristics indigenous to that material, some of which are considered flaws which must be remedied before contractors use the stone. Other features are part of what makes the stone unique and beautiful, such as the multicolored veins in a marble slab.
The fabricator works to avoid the flaws and enhance beautifying characteristics during this second phase. Pre-made templates are arranged on the stone to ensure the best appearance and presentation. This aspect is particularly important in natural stones like granite and marble which have many unique colors and markings.
Then, the fabricator cuts the stone with a water jet or bridge saw. The bridge saw has a diamond-segmented blade, while a water jet uses high-pressure water with a garnet particulate suspended in the water. Saw jets, a combination of these two tools, may also be used. Once the pieces are cut from the slab, they’re moved to the CNC machine.
The technician cuts and shapes the stone using a CNC (Computer Numerically Controlled) machine. Every rock has particular characteristics, and the machine operator is trained to know how to work with these. Once the technician shapes the edges and cuts the holes, they then polish the stone. After that, it is sealed to protect it from moisture.
If you’re interested in custom countertops, vanities, or fireplace surrounds for your home or business, turn to the specialists at Stone World at Red Bank. For the past 12 years, they’ve been New Jersey’s go-to for gorgeous natural stone home goods. Call (732) 383-5110 or visit the website to learn more about their products.