When it comes to selecting a timeless and beautiful gemstone for an engagement ring, nothing stands out like diamonds. However, finding the right one can be overwhelming if you’ve never purchased a stone before or are just starting to research your options. To help you make an informed purchase, the staff of Somos Designer Jewelry Gallery in Rockland County, NY, explain the 4 C’s.
Understanding The 4 C’s of Diamonds
Cut refers to the shape and facets of a stone. Experienced jewelers cut gemstones into several shapes, including pear, square, princess, emerald, and round. The way light refracts off the facets is what makes a diamond shine brilliantly. Well-cut gems will reflect light beautifully while poor or fair cut diamonds appear glassy and flat. There are ranges in between, and the less ideal the cut, the cheaper the stone will be.
Diamonds are naturally occurring gemstones and, as such, include various minerals that can influence color and appearance. Clear gems are the most sought-after and valuable. If a diamond has the slightest bit of color—often only visible to an experienced jeweler—it will receive a lower grade. Color for white diamonds is rated on a letter scale from D to Z, with D being completely colorless.
Clarity refers to the number of inclusions and imperfections. The fewer the inclusions, the higher the rating, with “flawless” being the highest score. The more flaws present, the less brilliant the stone will appear. These inclusions are often microscopic, but with the right concentration, they can make the stone less impressive to the naked eye.
Carat ratings indicate weights. Higher-carat gems are typically larger. While it may be tempting to base your decision solely on this C, bigger isn't always better. A high-carat stone with low clarity will not be as impressive as a smaller diamond with brilliant clarity.
Buying the perfect diamond can be a challenge, but you don’t have to go it alone. Stop by Somos Designer Jewelry Gallery today and let one of their gem experts help you find the right stone, whether you’re shopping for engagement rings or looking to design a custom piece. Learn more about their selection online and call (845) 348-0800 for more information.