Many people have heard of glaucoma. But did you know this disease can occur in both the young and old? Below, Reed Eye Associates in Batavia, Irondequoit, Newark, Perinton, Greece, and Sodus, NY, shares some facts about the eye condition so you can identify symptoms, get treatment, or prevent it altogether.
A Simple Guide to Glaucoma
1. What Is Glaucoma?
When someone has glaucoma their optic nerve has been damaged, likely due to high pressure in their eye fluid. According to the American Optometric Association®, this issue can lead to permanent loss of sight and is one of the most common causes of blindness in America. Depending on the severity of the disease, symptoms include tunnel vision, patchy blind spots, eye pain, blurred vision, eye redness, seeing halos around lights, nausea, and vomiting.
2. What Causes This Eye Condition?
Glaucoma can also be caused by optical infections, tumors, or injuries that create eye fluid issues. When the eye cannot properly drain fluid the pressure will increase, damaging the blood vessels and fibers in the optic nerve that are crucial to sight. It is possible to have normal eye pressure and have glaucoma. When this is the case, it’s often a blood flow issue that causes the eye condition.
3. How Is Glaucoma Treated?
Glaucoma treatments range from lasers, eyedrops, and surgery to reduce intraocular eye pressure. Once the eyes are damaged by this disease the progress cannot be reversed but it may be slowed to prevent total vision loss.
4. Can I Prevent Glaucoma?
This disease is most common in people who are 40-years-old or over. For some people, their risk of having glaucoma is higher because of genetics. To catch glaucoma in the earliest stages it’s important to have screenings every four years starting at age 40 and every two years if you’re 65 or older. Younger people who have a familial risk of the disease should consider beginning their screenings at an earlier age. Discuss your risk with an optometrist.
If you experience the symptoms above it’s important to go to an eye doctor who will diagnose the issue to see if it’s glaucoma. For questions about the disease and your personal likelihood of contracting it, call Reed Eye Associates at (585) 409-2020. Visit the website for information on their primary eye care services like annual eye exams and glasses as well as contact prescriptions. The practice also offers surgical procedures and a full optical boutique to help you find the perfect glasses.