Glaucoma is a progressive eye disease that can occur without warning, which is why it’s important to understand the details of the condition. According to the staff at Reed Eye Associates in the Greater Rochester, NY, area, understanding the causes of glaucoma will help you and loved ones better recognize symptoms. This can lead to more effective diagnosis, as well as early treatment to prevent irreparable damage.
What Is Glaucoma?
Glaucoma occurs when pressure increases along the optic nerve. This is caused when liquid doesn’t properly circulate in the front of the eye, often due to a blockage that is inherited or caused by trauma. As this progresses, the nerve can become damaged, interfering with how images are transmitted to your brain. When untreated, it can lead to permanent nerve damage, and ultimately blindness in worst case scenarios.
There are two types of glaucoma — open-angle glaucoma and angle-closure glaucoma, with the former being the most common. Aside from different drainage issues, each form shares similar symptoms. Early-onset glaucoma is best defined by hazy vision and may also include eye pain, tunnel vision, and halos appearing around lights. However, for many people, glaucoma has no symptoms, which is why it’s important to see an eye doctor regularly if you have a family history or genetic predisposition.
Primary glaucoma treatments focus on reducing fluid in the eye or helping it to better circulate. Special eye drops are often prescribed to accomplish the latter alongside medication. In more serious cases, an eye surgeon may suggest laser surgery or microsurgery to help fluid drain better. This will eventually reduce pressure on the optic nerve. There is, however, no cure for associated vision loss and no definite way to prevent glaucoma.
If you’re suffering from glaucoma-related symptoms or other eye diseases, turn to the staff at Reed Eye Associates. They offer a variety of treatment and surgeries and are dedicated to helping clients maintain their vision. Call (585) 409-2020 today to schedule an appointment, and visit their website to learn more about their services.