Steel is an iron and carbon alloy that can also contain nickel, chromium, aluminum, and other metals. A popular material, steel is durable, rust- and corrosion-resistant, and malleable, making it perfect for a variety of items and industries. Mountain Grove, MO’s metal fabrication experts at Douglass Steel break down the five common types of steel and how they are used.
Steel Varieties & What They Are Used For
The most popular steel type, stainless steel is also the most resistant to the elements and external forces. It contains chromium and nickel, making scratches practically nonexistent. Stainless steel is used for kitchen utensils and cookware, as well as appliances, jewelry, and surgical equipment.
High-carbon steel is another commonly used version of the metal. With a higher carbon percentage than iron, this steel type is softer and easily sharpened, making it ideal for wood-cutting tools such as axes and saw blades. Other uses include wires, knives, and scissors.
Like high-carbon steel, this type is only made from iron and carbon. The carbon content is much lower, however. This characteristic makes mild steel ideal for vehicle frames, panels, and sheet metal for roofing. The railroad industry also employs low-carbon steel for rails instead of using wrought iron.
The strongest of the steel options, this alloy adds in tungsten, cobalt, molybdenum, or chromium to the mix. The rigidity is based on which metal is used and what percentage is included in the alloy. It is so tough that it can cut other metals and is used to make metal saws, drills, and other power tools.
Smooth in texture, durable, and a good thermal conductor, the high content of aluminum in this steel makes it a top choice for water heaters, ovens, furnaces, and grills. Aluminum steel is also an economical choice and has a better electrostatic surface than other steel types.
When you need steel for your next project, Douglass Steel is your go-to source. The company has been Missouri’s top metal fabrication service for more than 50 years, producing high-quality products with unmatched craftsmanship. Visit them online or call (417) 926-5589 to learn more.