Glaucoma refers to a collection of eye diseases characterized by severe damage to the optic nerve and irreversible blindness. Generally, the disease is associated with a buildup of fluid and pressure within the eye, which can lead to slow vision loss. Although glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness in the United States, Dolan Family Vision says that it often doesn’t have many symptoms. Therefore, this Kalispell, MT, eye care specialist highlights a few key points about the condition to help patients detect and treat it early on.
The Basics of Glaucoma
Who Is at Risk for Glaucoma?
Any person can develop glaucoma at any age, but there are a few different factors that can increase one’s risk. Since ocular pressure is more common later in life, aging is a primary factor in developing the disease. In addition, those who have nearsightedness, a history of eye injuries, thin corneas, or a family history of the disease have a higher likelihood of developing glaucoma.
How Is Glaucoma Diagnosed?
There are a few different ways to screen for the disease. Many times, eye doctors will take enhanced pictures of the eyeball to see if fluid buildup has caused optic nerve damage. In other cases, a specialist may simply dilate the pupils to visually inspect for impairment. Tonometry tests are another option that measures pressure by directing a small stream of air into the eyeball
What Treatment Options Are Available for Glaucoma?
Although there are no known ways to prevent or cure glaucoma, there are a few different ways you can help reduce the effects of the disease. If you are developing the condition, your doctor may recommend using medicated eye care drops to help reduce pressure. Other options include laser eye surgery and medication.
The best way to limit the damage caused by glaucoma is to keep up with regular screenings and talk to a vision specialist as soon as possible if you notice a loss of vision or eye pain. If you are worried about your sight, Dolan Family Vision offers comprehensive eye care services in Kalispell, MT, to diagnose and treat related diseases, including glaucoma. To schedule an appointment, contact this Flathead Valley vision center by calling (406) 756-8420.