Hydroponic gardening is a method in which plants are grown in an alternative medium to deliver the perfect amount of pH-balanced nutrients in a more soluble form. This way, plants can easily soak up the nutrients they need exactly when they need them. There are different types of hydroponic systems and materials available, leaving it up to you how you want to control your garden. Alaska Farm & Garden in Anchorage carries a variety of specialty gardening materials for hydroponic endeavors, including grow lights, organic soil mix, fertilizer, and more.
The Basics of Hydroponics
Types of Systems
The wick system places the growing medium on top of a reservoir, and a wick distributes the nutrient solution from the reservoir to the growing medium. The water culture system consists of plants whose roots are suspended in the nutrient solution, and an air pump that creates bubbles in the solution to deliver oxygen. The aeroponic system is the opposite of the water culture system—the roots are suspended in air and misted with the nutrient solution.
The nutrient solution is pH-balanced and delivers the micronutrients plants would usually get from the soil. The solutions contain elements such as nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium, calcium, magnesium, sulfur, iron, copper, and zinc. The water in the nutrient solution must be purified to control the mineral content. When starting out with hydroponic gardening, you can always buy a pre-made nutrient solution from a gardening store.
The best part about hydroponics is that you can control every aspect in order to get the results you want. For hydroponic and organic gardening supplies in Anchorage, AK, call Alaska Farm & Garden at (907) 562-7777.