In the fields of neuropsychiatry and neuropsychology, a traumatic brain injury (TBI) is characterized by harm to the brain that occurs after birth. Whether the injury is suffered during an athletic event, fall, or car crash, short and long-term effects can have a devastating and lasting impact. North Carolina Neuropsychiatry PA strives to assist patients with TBI on their road to recovery through services such as recreation therapy, vocational counseling, and medication management. Below, they explain a few of the most common signs of traumatic brain injury in patients.
Neuropsychiatry Experts’ Symptoms of TBI
When a TBI occurs, patients may or may not lose consciousness. Regardless, many report symptoms of dizziness after the event, which includes vertigo and balance problems. Dizziness may also cause nausea and vomiting. If you see someone hit their head and complain of feeling woozy or unsteady, their injury is worth further investigation by a medical professional.
A throbbing headache is another common symptom of TBI outlined by neuropsychology experts. They often occur immediately after the injury but can present themselves for weeks, months, or even years while the brain recovers. Their potential long-term impact makes it important to address symptoms of chronic headaches and migraines with a doctor.
Patients with TBI may also have problems with cognition, which includes thinking, memory, judgment, processing speed, and attention span. This is because acquired brain injuries create challenges with neuronal activity that determines the functional ability of the brain cells. Ongoing cognitive issues may require intervention by neuropsychiatry professionals, including medication and cognitive remediation.
A traumatic injury to the brain can also cause problems with speech and communication. Delayed answers, slurred words, and trouble swallowing are all potential symptoms of a TBI. If a loved one presents problems with speech after suffering trauma to their head, an evaluation by a doctor is recommended.
The parts of the brain that regulate emotion may also be affected after a TBI. Irritability, inappropriate emotional reactions, and mood disorders can all present themselves after a traumatic injury occurs to the brain. If someone you know suffered a concussion or hit to the head and is more angry or sad than usual, an evaluation may help decide if it is occurring due to TBI.
In addition to these common signs of TBI, other symptoms include paralysis, lethargy, ringing in the ears, and body tingling. If you think a loved one may have a traumatic brain injury, there is help available. To make an appointment to discuss traumatic brain injury with a neuropsychiatry professional, call North Carolina Neuropsychiatry PA with locations in Chapel Hill, Raleigh, and Charlotte at (919) 933-2000. To learn about their specialty areas, including brain injuries, learning disabilities, and mood disorders, visit their website.