Swimming pool chemistry is a bit of mystery to many people. After all, it’s far more convenient to leave the science to the professionals and just enjoy the swim. If that’s your mindset, it’s important to keep your swimming pool service on speed dial so that regular maintenance will be handled on schedule. Still, there are a few details you should know about the inner workings of your pool water. Read on to learn common pool chemical mixtures and what to look out for.
Top 4 Factors to Understand About Swimming Pool Chemicals
1. pH Balance
Pool care is more complex than simply keeping the water clean. The water must exhibit a proper pH balance to prevent damage to swimmers, the pool equipment, and surfaces. If the water’s chemical pH falls below 7.0, the acid levels will increase and the water will become cloudy and corrosive. This low pH and low alkalinity will cause copper, steel, plaster, and vinyl swimming pool surfaces to deteriorate.
Skin and eye irritation occurs when the pH is lower than 7.0 and higher than 8.0. If the water’s pH is above 8.0, and the chlorine level is above 0.5 parts per million (ppm), the chloramines will cause irritation. Chloramines are a combination of organic and chemical compounds that build up in improperly treated pool water and cause the “chlorine smell” common in pools. The water should be tested regularly to prevent these harmful chemicals from forming.
3. Cyanuric Acid
The sun’s UV rays can degrade chlorine in outdoor pools. Adding cyanuric acid to the water solves this problem, but the levels can sometimes become too high. Filter dilution or dumping is often the recommended remedy to control cyanuric levels.
4. Green Water
Algae forms when low chlorine levels are paired with high pH. You will need to have the water treated with “pool shock” or algaecide to eliminate the organisms. The product used will vary depending on how badly the pool is contaminated.
If you have concerns about your swimming pool, contact the pros at All-American Pools in Cincinnati, OH. They have the proven expertise to handle your installation, pool maintenance, and repair needs. Visit them online or call (513) 522-7161 for more information about their products and services.