Do your gums bleed? Are they red, sore, or swollen? If so, you could be suffering from periodontal disease, explain the dentists at Family First Dentistry in Anchorage, AK. Periodontal disease, also called gum disease, is an infection of the soft tissues of the mouth. If left untreated, it can also affect the jaw bone.
Prevention is key when it comes to fighting periodontal disease, so take a look at this helpful guide that will help you keep your oral health in check:
What Causes Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease is caused by excess bacteria in the mouth. If you fail to practice a healthy oral hygiene routine and see the dentist for regular teeth cleanings, plaque can form on your teeth. Within this plaque lives bacteria, which slowly eats away at the enamel of your teeth and affects the surrounding gum tissue. Additionally, this plaque can lead to damage of the periodontal ligament and alveolar bone.
What Are The Symptoms Of Periodontal Disease?
Luckily, periodontal disease presents symptoms that are easily recognizable. Most cases start as gingivitis, which is considered to be the earliest stage of periodontal disease. If you notice red, swollen, sore, or bleeding gums, consult your dentist right away. It’s important that you seek help as soon as you notice any of these symptoms, as failure to receive treatment can lead to problems like cavities, tooth loss, receding gums, and deterioration of the bone structures in the mouth.
Who Is At Risk For Periodontal Disease?
While everyone who fails to take care of their teeth is at risk for developing periodontal disease, people who have diabetes, smoke, or have a family history of gum disease are more likely to contract it. Other illnesses, like AIDS, and even certain medications can put you at a higher risk of developing the disease.
How Is Periodontal Disease Treated?
To treat periodontal disease, dentists must first control the bacterial infection. Possible treatments include deep teeth cleaning to remove built-up plaque, the use of antibacterial mouthwashes, prescription antibiotics, and in more severe cases, oral surgery.
How Can I Avoid Periodontal Disease?
Your best bet to fight off gum disease is by brushing and flossing your teeth daily. Always see your dentist for bi-yearly checkups, and never hesitate to seek medical attention if you believe your oral health is at risk.
According to the American Academy of Periodontology, as many as half of all U.S. adults suffer from periodontal disease. Don’t be a part of the statistic—call the dentists at Anchorage’s Family First Dentistry today to ensure your dental health is in good standing. You can reach their office at (907) 562-2820, or visit their website for more information.